Water on Mars assignment


Assignment specs (PDF)
Spare logbooks: . Designed to be reduced to A5 booklet when printing.
Internet resources on assignment sheet:

Suggested resources:
These resources are all hyperlinked on the school intranet site, and printed versions of these and additional resources are attached.

Snow Gullies on Mars
http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2003/19feb_snow.htm?list663144

The case of the Missing Mars water
http://science.msfc.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast05jan_1.htm

Found it! Ice on Mars
http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2002/28may_marsice.htm?list663144

Making a Splash on Mars
http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2000/ast29jun_1m.htm

Salty Sea Covered Part of Mars: 'Excellent' Site to Search for Past Life
http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/opportunity_sea_040323.html

Mars Express Confirms Water Ice on Red Planet
http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/express_water_040123.html

NASA announces discovery of evidence of water on Mars
http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/solarsystem/mars_water_story_000620.html

Martian dunes hide water secret
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4217528.stm

Glacial, volcanic and fluvial activity on Mars: latest images
http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Mars_Express/SEMLF6D3M5E_0.html

New Scientist: 15th January, 2005, p 34 – 38

Liquid water once on Mars
http://www.cnn.com/2004/TECH/space/03/02/mars.findings/

Mars Express finds water – official
http://physicsweb.org/articles/news/8/3/10/1

Double discovery on past Mars water
http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=dn6077

Mars rover finds that water persisted
http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=dn6178

Once upon a water planet
http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2002/12mar_waterplanet.htm
Water flows on Mars
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/2846897.stm


Additional resources (I will add to this as I do some research myself):
Methane:
http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/050419_mars_methane.html
http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/mars_methane_040329.html
follow the links on these two stories


Hydrogen in near surface - several articles
http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/June02/MarsGRSice.html



Suggested outline for report:

Introduction:
This report....(purpose)
Background
- mythology
- telescope
- bright/dark areas
- polar caps
- 'lines' - canals, speculation, optical illusion
- early space probes
- Mariner (photograph from space, lunar-like surface)
- viking lander, surface photos, early chemistry experiments
- surface conditions on Mars (temperature/pressure, triple point of water)

More recent discoveries
- Mars Orbiter
- erosional features, surface topography
- Spirit and Opportunity
- sedimentary features
- minerals ('blueberries)
- Mars Global Surveyor
- hydrogen concentration
- methane in atmosphere
- Phoenix mission
- salts, chlorates, ice composition

Significance of WOM
- life (implications)
- planetology history: origins of rocky planets; where did water go? in what form and where is remaining water
- usefulness for colonization/exploration (source of hydrogen and oxygen for fuel; source of drinking water and water for growing food e.g. hydroponics)